Everyone interested in the ancient European stick and ball games jeu de crosse (choule), colf (kolf), jeu de mail (pall mall) and their relation to the ancient Scottish golf has just landed on the ultimate site! Here you find papers, essays, poems, pictures and books about ancient golf and its kindred games, including non-related stick and ball games. Every month under 'What's new', you can expect a new publication, reproduced unabridged in the originally written and published language.
Geert Nijs (alas deceased in 2018) & Sara Kieboom-Nijs, sport historians, have specialised in the history of the continental kindred games and published several books.

Feel free to use any information from this website, but be so kind as to let me know why, when and where you will use it. And, of course, I would highly appreciate a small reference to my site. Check beforehand if the publications, photographs and illustrations from third parties are free to copy.

If you have questions, remarks or if you want to order a book, please send an


Version 3.069 - Latest revision 30 June 2024
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